Every child is curious. They ask several questions and some of them may even amaze you at times. But it is up to you to provide them with the right kind of information. This is their age to grow and develop into a smarter and more aware human being. Children need to learn about different people, culture and countries. They need to be aware of the surrounding and all the differences that make this world a beautiful place to live in.
Asia is Earth’s largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. There are 48 Asian countries in the world.
Try to give your child the information about few Asian countries through the facts mentioned below.
- India is officially known as the Republic of India.
- It also has the second-largest population in the world, with over 1.2 billion people (1,205,073,612 as of July 2012).
- India is the seventh-largest country by total area.
- India belongs to the continent of Asia, it is bordered by the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, and Pakistan.
- The highest mountain in India is Kanchenjunga, standing at 8,598m (28,209 ft), which it shares with Nepal. Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.
- Many different languages are spoken in India. The main ones are Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, and Urdu.
- The capital city is New Delhi, while the most populated city is Mumbai. Other major cities include Kolkata, Chennai and Bangalore.
- Because of India’s location, it experiences periods of heavy rain called Monsoon.
- The Taj Mahal famous mausoleum and popular tourist attraction) is located in the region of Agra.
- India became an independent nation in 1947 after ending British rule that began in 1858.
- Mahatma Gandhi is famous for the important part he played in gaining India’s independence.
- Once British rule was over, India was split into the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Later, an area between India and Pakistan became the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.
- The national symbol of India is the endangered Bengal Tiger.
- The most popular sport in India is cricket, with the Indian team. It is the first to win the Cricket World Cup on home soil when they were victorious in 2011.
- India hosted the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi but has never hosted the Olympic Games.
- China is officially known as the People’s Republic of China.
- It also has the largest population in the world, with over 1.3 billion people (1,343,239,923) as of July 2012.
- China is the 3rd largest country by area at 9,706,961 sq km (3,747,879 sq miles).
- China belongs to the continent of Asia. Bordering countries include Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Vietnam.
- The summit of Mt Everest marks the border between China and Nepal.
- There are many different languages spoken in China, including Mandarin, Yue, Wu, Minbei, Minnan, Xiang, Gan and Hakka.
- The capital city is Beijing, while the most populated city is Shanghai. Other major cities include Chongqing, Shenzhen and Guangzhou.
- 47% of the population live in urban areas.
- China experiences typhoons every year and also suffers from floods, tsunamis, earthquakes and droughts.
- China has the fourth longest river in the world, the Yangtze River, which reaches 5,797km (3,602 miles) in length. It also has the sixth longest, the Yellow River, stretching 4,667km (2,900 miles).
- China is the second largest economy in the world, after the United States of America.
- In 2003, China became the third country to successfully send a person to space.
- The Great Wall of China is the largest man-made structure in the world, stretching an incredible 8,850 kilometres (5,500 miles).
- The famous Giant Panda is found near the Yangtze River in China.
- China hosted the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing.
- The Japanese name for Japan is “Nihon” or “Nippon” which means “sun origin”.
- Japan belongs to the continent of Asia. It is an island nation surrounded by the Sea of Japan to the East and the Pacific Ocean to the West.
- Japan is made up of 6,852 islands.
- The highest point in Japan in Mount Fuji, which stands at 3,776m (12,388ft).
- As of July 2012, there are over 127 million people living in Japan (127,368,088), which is the tenth largest population in the world.
- Tokyo is the capital city of Japan and also the largest city. Other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Sapporo.
- Japanese is the official language of Japan.
- Japan sits along the “Pacific Ring of Fire”, so has many volcanoes and experiences many earthquakes. In 2011, an earthquake of magnitude 9.0 hit Japan and created a tsunami which resulted in much devastation.
- Almost three quarters of Japan’s land is either forest or mountains and is difficult to be made into farms, industrial or residential areas.
Human life in Japan dates back thousands of years.
- Ancient warriors of Japan were known as Samurai. They were very skilled fighters and swordsmen. Their main weapon was the Katana, a sharp sword with a slight curve to it.
- Due to gases produced by power plants, Japan sometimes suffers from acid rain.
- Japan is an industrialized nation, producing some of the most technologically advanced motor vehicles, electronics, and machine tools.
- Japan is a world leader in robotics. Japanese engineers are known for producing a range of human-like robots such as ASIMO.
- Some of the most well-known companies in the world are Japanese such as Toyota, Honda, Sony, Nintendo, Canon, Panasonic, Toshiba, and Sharp.
- Japanese cuisine has become popular around the world. Some well-known dishes are sushi, sashimi and tempura.
- Japan is home to many different forms of martial arts. Karate, Judo, Sumo, Ninjutsu, Kendo, Jujutsu, and Aikido to name a few.
- Sumo is recognized as the national sport of Japan, although the most popular spectator sport is baseball.
- Japan hosted the 1964 Summer Olympic games in Tokyo and will again in 2020. They also hosted the 1972 and 1998 Winter Olympic Games in Sapporo and Nagano, respectively.
- Indonesia is officially called the Republic of Indonesia.
- The country of Indonesia is ethnically diverse. It has around 300 distinctive native ethnic groups and over 740 different languages and dialects spoken in the country.
- Indonesia is part of the Malay Archipelago covering 5,150 km’s (3,200 miles) east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Scattered over either side of the equator is more than 17,500 islands, of which about 6,000 are inhabited. The largest of these islands are Sumatra, Java, Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), Sulawesi, and the Indonesian part of New Guinea called Papua.
- Indonesia is part of the Pacific Rim “Ring of Fire”. The country has some 400 volcanoes, about 150 of these are active which is around 75% of all currently active volcanoes on Earth.
- There are approximately 250 million people living in Indonesia (251,160,124) as of July 2013. It is the world’s fourth most populous nation.
The capital and largest city of Indonesia is Jakarta, on the island of Java. Jakarta has a population of almost 14 million making it the world’s ninth largest city.
- The island of Java is home to 60% of the country’s population (around 130 million people) making it the world’s most populous island.
- Indonesia shares land borders with Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and East Timor.
- The highest point in Indonesia is the peak of Puncak Jaya on the island of Papua sitting at 4,884 metres (16,024 ft) above sea level.
- Indonesia’s tropical wilderness supports some of the highest level of biodiversity in the world. The giant komodo dragon, Javan rhinoceros, tigers, orangutans, elephants, and leopards are all found in the jungle forests.
- The economy of Indonesia centers around agriculture and oil, with approximately 90% of the population involved in agriculture.
- The currency of Indonesia is called the Rupiah.
- Based on Chinese, European, Middle Eastern, and Indian influences, Indonesian cuisine varies a lot by region. Traditional meals usually involve rice served with side dishes of fish or chicken, vegetables, spices and coconut milk.
- Indonesians are fanatical about the game of badminton, often winning gold medals at the Olympic games in the sport. Football (soccer) is also a popular sport in the country.
Also Read – Facts about Nature for your kid