On 15 August 2020, India is going to celebrate its seventy-fourth Independence day, but this time this is not so much time since the COVID-19 pandemic has been unfolding. Independence Day is the day India was freed from British rule and is also a reminder to people of the many freedom fighters who were fighting to free India. India has long been independent and has made tremendous strides in different fields, including education and space. Continue reading to know how India celebrates independence day during corona.
Independence Day History
The British arrived in India in 1619 with the English East India Company and established trade posts on the west coast port of Surat, in Gujarat. After its victory in the 1757 Battle of Plassey and the 1764 Battle of Buxar, it established itself in India and gained control, and by 1773 it had become the de facto ruler of vast areas of the lower Gangetic plains. It started from then on expanding and fighting wars and annexing States in other parts of the world.
Many Indians started to hate British rule more and more, particularly when English tried to enforce western educational and cultural norms on them in 1835. In the late 1750s and early 1760s, rebellions against the British were reported to have started and Puli Thevar is said to be the first Indian ruler to fight against them. The Indian rebellion of 1857, and there were several more afterward which eventually led the British to grant India independence. The most remarkable of early rebellions.
The provisions of the 1947 Indian Independence Act, which transferred legislative power to the Constituent Assembly of India, entered into force on 15 August 1947. The day coincides with the division into two nations, India and Pakistan of British-ruling India.
Importance Of Independence Day
The day stands as a reminder of the sacrifices made by many warriors for freedom to achieve independence from British rule so that future generations can live independently. This is a national holiday, and the day is usually celebrated with flag-hoisting ceremonies, parades, and cultural activities all over India.
In honor of the day, on August 15, 1947, the first Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, raised the Indian flag up above the Red Fort Lahori Gate at Delhi. It is a tradition that the Prime Minister in office, preceded by an address to the country, has followed since then.
Facts About Indian Independence Day
Here are some interesting things you can tell your children about Indian Independence Day.
- It had no national anthem when India became independent. ‘Jana Gana Mana’ was proclaimed the Indian National Anthem by Rabindranath Tagore, first performed in 1911, in the year 1950.
- India had no Prime Minister, President, or even a government when it was independent.
- All this only occurred much later when India became a republic nation. The Governor-General was the largest and most powerful person in India during the time of independence.
- Indeed several parts of India were, during independence, separate kingdoms. It was noted that there were as many as 565 princely states or kingdoms when India became independent. When Sardar Vallabhai Patel much of this soon changed, and other leaders pursued different tactics to integrate these kingdoms in India.
- Jammu and Kashmir, Hyderabad, Mysore, and Travancore were just some of the great kingdoms that after Independence became a part of India.
- Even after independence, Goa was a Portuguese colony, and only became part of India in 1961.
- The Government of India officially celebrates Independence Day at the Red Fort in New Delhi. Here the Prime Minister gives the nation a speech.
- Indian independence also split the nation along religious lines. Many people from the Hindu and Muslim communities have been killed as a result of the religious violence and hatred that has become common in this period. Others have continued to claim it contributed to the largest human migration in history. But it must also be recalled that many people lost their lives during these difficult times to save their neighbors from the opposite community.
- The nation’s leader Mahatma Gandhi did not attend the first Independence Day celebration. He went on a hunger strike so people would stop killing each other because of partitioning.
- A man called Cyril John Radcliffe has been assigned the task of carving out the boundaries of Independent India. The irony is that he had never been to India, and was assigned his division’s daunting mission. His devastation hurt him so much that he declined his 40,000 INR salary, a great deal in those days.
How Will India Celebrates Independence Day During Corona
This year, Red Fort Independence Day may not be as great as the last years because of the Covid-19 pandemic and social distancing norms. This means the meeting at the Red Fort would be reduced and the virtual transmission of the event would be given greater importance. Here’s how will India celebrates independence day during corona.
- As every year, on Independence Day a Red Fort ceremony will take place. Many rules have to be followed, however. The Red Fort ceremony will include a guard of honor to Prime Minister Narendra Modi by the armed forces and Delhi Police, unfurling the national flag followed by playing the national anthem and firing 21-gun salute, singing the national anthem immediately after PM ‘s address, and releasing tricolored balloons at the end.
- There’s going to be a “home” reception at Rashtrapati Bhawan.
- States and Union Territories may hold Independence Day celebrations if they follow the guidelines of COVID-19. “A ceremony in the morning (after 9 a.m.) in the state/union territory capitals consisting of the chief minister’s unfurling of the national flag; the playing of the national anthem; the presence of an honor guard by the police including paramilitary forces, home guards, NCC, scouts, etc. The speech by the chief minister; and the singing of the national anthem” will be permitted.
- In the light of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to prevent a large congregation in the ceremony. It’s important that social distancing norms are followed, wearing masks, etc.
- The center urged states to invite COVID-19 warriors such as physicians, health personnel, health assistants at the Independence Day ceremony to recognize their valiant role in fighting coronavirus pandemic. Several individuals healed from infection with COVID-19 may also be invited.
How Is This Different From Previous Years?
- Though the government has not provided a number, a substantial reduction in the guest list has been confirmed.
- The government is likely to invite fighters including physicians, health professionals, and outreach assistants, as well as some people who have recovered from coronavirus to COVID-19.
- School kids will not attend, and the two grounds on either side of the Red Fort, which are normally open to the public, will likely remain locked.
- It is likely that only a few NCC cadets will be invited.
- In view of the pandemic, the military bands do not play live, either. Yet on 15 August, their recorded show will be telecast.
This is how India celebrates independence day during corona.
This year’s independence celebration will be a low-key affair in the historic Red Fort in Delhi, because of the latest pandemic of coronavirus. Due to the Coronavirus crisis COVID-19, protection and preparedness steps were taken differently to take account of social distance.
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