Dyscalculia is a mathematical learning disability that impairs a person’s capacity for the normal comprehension and processing of numerical information. Dyscalculia typical signs include number-sense difficulties, factual variations, estimates, and mathematical explanations. This also means that it is difficult to connect the numbers and symbols to the quantities and directions, to feel the money, or to say time by an analog clock. People with dyscalculia have difficulty comparing what numbers they describe to the quantity. It may also be difficult to identify patterns, an important part of understanding how basic mathematical operations are carried out. Mathematical anxiety occurs in children and adolescents with dyscalculia who struggle to grasp the numbers. Scroll down for the ways to help child with dyscalculia
Symptoms Of Dyscalculia
The symptoms of a math problem will differ according to what causes it and how old your child is. When you suspect dyscalculia, the symptoms can vary over time because your child uses maths in various ways. Below are the signs to look out for to determine whether your child has dyscalculia at various stages of schooling.
- Have trouble learning to count by 10s, to 100
- Has difficulty counting every single object in a group
- Faces difficulty recognizing that a number can be used to identify an entity with that sum in it-realizing, for example, that 5 can be used for a group of 5 fingers, 5 bananas, and 5 cats
- Have trouble understanding and writing up to 20 numbers
- When counting, the numbers are long behind other children of the same age (children usually will count to 100 by 1 and 10 at the end of kindergarten)
- Does not appear to identify patterns and can’t sort objects by size, shape or color
- Difficulty in 2s, 5s and 10s counts
- Can not automatically measure basic problems of addition and subtraction
- Difficulty identifying important mathematical signs like plus or minus
- Does not grasp the notion of “more” or “less than”
- Hard to know and recall simple mathematical facts, such as 5 + 5 = 10
- Does not link similar mathematical facts or “fact families,” such as 5 + 5 = 10, so 10 — 5 = 5
- Have difficulty understanding written numbers (also called numerals)
- Still uses fingers to count, rather than calculate in the brain
- Struggles to precisely line up numerals in columns when solving math problems
- Doesn’t know what’s left and what’s right
- Difficult to use mathematics in real life, like budgeting or doubling a recipe for more people
- Maps and charts have problems incomprehension
- Hesitates to engage in sports, such as track running or driving that involve a strong sense of speed and distance.
How To Diagnose Dyscalculia?
You can start the process at school rather than with a doctor if you think your child has dyscalculia. Start talking to the teacher of your child. You should know how good your child’s work in mathematics is and how he contrasts it with his teacher. Don’t be frustrated if your child’s teacher doesn’t learn dyscalculia. The disorder is not well understood or recognized, and many professors don’t know the symptoms.
Although various approaches to dyscalculia are used in schools and private test centers, a successful test compares the mathematical abilities of the child with those of the other children of the same generation. A skillful practitioner will understand that and use a variety of assessments to determine the particular areas of your child. Every child with Dyscalculia has different strengths and weaknesses. Specific dyscalculia tests include:
1. Drawing shapes
Visual-spatial skills play an enormous role in education, and copying or drawing shapes from memory is a good way to assess the difficulties a child faces in this field.
2. Talk to your child’s teacher
Your child’s teacher can better share whatever the teacher has noticed in the classroom. You should ask the teacher for a list of the skills to be mastered before the end of the school year. This can give you a sense of what your child needs to help with and how far behind it might be.
One of the most common assessments is to ask the child to count backward, count dots, or do other simple tasks to demonstrate how the child responds to numbers and group them. The Neuropsychological Test Battery for Number Processing and Calculation in Children or NUCALC is a common version of this test.
Ways To Help Child With Dyscalculia
Here are a few ways to help child with Dyscalculia
1. Take Technology Help
Children with mathematical facts and principles will benefit from programs that improve their mathematical abilities. Many devices use games and puzzles that promote mathematical learning. There can also be other types of assistive technology.
2. Observe and take notes
When you track the actions of your kid and note when it has problems, you may recognize the patterns and particular issues you can begin to deal with. If you speak to the teacher, the doctor, or some other expert, your notes would also be useful.
3. Encourage the child to investigate and make mistakes
Studies found that children remember, even though they make mistakes. In fact, they might learn more in some cases. In-depth algorithms are taught and are then supposed to adhere to children without fail. Rather of memorizing things we should inspire children to study mathematics.
4. Encourage the child to ask questions
In certain cases, students are not interested in mathematics, as their math curiosity was not adequately answered by their school teachers. Since teachers are pressed to complete the curriculum, there is a tendency to skip concepts without spending a lot of time on any concept. This is one of the biggest contributors to the eventual mathematical struggle of a child.
5. Have perspective and patience
Reinforce a positive culture in the mathematics of your everyday interactions with the child. Note that it is more important than what for a deeper understanding of mathematical concepts. Encourage the child to approach mathematics from a why-framework rather than a what-framework. Should not put on the child only unrealistic or unfair aspirations to satisfy him or her.
6. Make math a game
Practicing math skills doesn’t have to feel like homework. You will boost the children’s understanding of numbers and raising math anxiety by doing it in a less stressful way.
So, these are some of the ways to help children with Dyscalculia.
Reasons for Children’s Math Weakness
- A child’s failure to visualize mathematical concepts
- Rote methods of learning, where a child has formulas and statements to know by heart
Marking a child as “poor in mathematics”
- The burden of high scoring marks
- A fixed mindset of bucketing children into groups of fixed abilities rather than a growth mindset system that means that the capacity of each child will develop and grow significantly
Particularly for young children, math is used in several aspects of life. And math-related problems may have an impact on their lives. Nevertheless, children who experience dyscalculia will go on to be effective in school and in their personal lives with adequate diagnosis and instructional strategies.
Also Read: How Joyful learning influences students